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References are professionals who can speak to your skills, strengths, and qualifications. Some examples of professionals who may provide references for you are:

  • Employers/Supervisors
  • Internship Supervisors
  • Research Advisors
  • Faculty Members
  • Co-workers
  • Where Should I Put My References?

    If not asked for to be input in the application itself, references should be listed on a separate page from your resume. Include your resume heading with your name and contact information.

    It is not necessary to put the statement, “References available upon request,” on your resume or CV
    – employers presume you can provide references if they request them.

  • Who Should I Ask to be a Reference?

    You should provide references that are relevant to the job you are applying for and ask individuals who will be able to speak to your skills and qualifications for the type of work you will be performing.

    The standard is to have three references (unless more are requested) and you should always ask prior to listing someone as a reference.

  • What About Letters of Recommendation?

    Letters of Recommendation are typically required as part of graduate school application processes, but every so often might be requested by a job application as well. 

    For letters of recommendation, make sure to ask your references with as much notice as possible so they will have adequate time to write a thoughtful recommendation.

    We also suggest providing your recommendation writers with information about the graduate school or job description, what skills or specific aspects you would like them to talk about, and a current copy of your resume.