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A variety of news stories, postings, publications, and other materials pertaining to the U.S. legal system and, in some cases, in which deaf individuals were involved is presented below. Additional publications are available in the Legal Toolkit.

The archives are grouped by the following themes. Click on a theme to jump to those materials.



  • Armon, R. (2008, December 31). Fairlawn man's homicide convictions overturned: Hearing-impaired woman should not have been on jury, court says. Beacon Journal.
    • This news article describes a Ohio appeals court overturning a jury's decision because the jury included a hearing impaired woman. [PDF available]

  • Cassi, S. (2009, January 29). Northampton County Judge Stephen Baratta declares mistrial after testimony from deaf victim is given via instant messaging. The Express-Times.
    • This news article explains how a Deaf person's testimony via instant messaging was declared a mistrial. [PDF available]
  • Cook, J. (2008, November 15). Deaf woman pleads to murder. Macomb Daily.
    • This news article describes the multiple year process associated with a Deaf woman's plea as a result of being provided an unqualified interpreter at the time the police give her the Miranda Warning. [PDF available]
  • Hewitt, W.E. (1995). Court interpretation: Model guides for policy and practice in the state courts. https://ncsc.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/collection/accessfair/id/162/rec/7
    • Chapter 9, Model Code of Professional Responsibility for Interpreters in the Judiciary, articulates a core set of principles that should be abided by anyone serving as a court interpreter as well as familiar to judges and attorneys for consistency of interpreting services. [PDF available]
    • Chapter 10, Model Court Interpreter Act, is a guide to assist policy makers who oversee statutes, statewide or local rules of court, or administrative policy to govern interpreter services. [PDF available]
  • Illinois Legal Aid Online. (2016, March 30). Your day in court: An educational intro for persons who are Deaf or Hard-of-Hearing. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TjwkbMSk9QY
    • This video serves as an introduction to how Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing people have access to legal processes and the courts. 
  • Judicial Council of California/Administrative Office of the Courts. (2007). Study of California’s court interpreter certification and
    registration testing. https://www.courts.ca.gov/documents/altafinalreport.pdf
    • This study outlines the current state and further enhancement of California’s court interpreter testing program and attests California’s commitment to quality and leadership in this important aspect of public service. [PDF available]
  • Law Offices of Linda Friedman Ramirez. (n.d.). Interpreter: Claims to be certified; No reversible error.
  • MetNews. (2009, July 21). Court: Witness’s limitations did not cause Sixth Amendment violation. Metropolitan News Company.
    • This news article explains the upholding of the earlier court's decision that a witness’ non-standard communicate does not violate the defendant’s Sixth Amendment right to confront the witness and to cross-examine. [PDF available]
  • Robinson, Q. (2011, June 1). A failure to act for change.
    • This editorial describes how the Deaf community's rights are often violated in the Ohio legal system and, when the opportunity for change was presented, how the Deaf and interpreting communities failed to act. [PDF available]
  • Rubenstein, M.H. (n.d.). Appeals Court rules that relay calls are not hearsay. Adjunct Law Prof Blog.
    • This posting summarizes that an appeals court ruled statements transmitted by a communications assistant in a telecommunications relay service cannot be regarded as hearsay evidence. [PDF available]
  • Science Centric. (2008, May 5). 'Deaf by God' tried in Old Bailey records.
    • This news articles outlines the use of interpreters by the courts dating back to the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. [PDF available]
  • Zimmerman, N. (2008, June 13). Judge: Deaf‐mute still can't stand trial. Newport News Daily Press.
    • This news article explains the court's decision to order continued sign language instruction for a Deaf man accused of capital murder. [PDF available]

Deaf Interpreter

  • Judicial Council of California/Administrative Office of the Courts. (2010). Recommended guidelines for the use of deaf intermediary interpreters. https://www.courts.ca.gov/documents/CIP_GID.pdf
    • These recommended guidelines explain how the court must take measures to ensure the interpretation takes place in a manner that protects an individual’s right to meaningfully participate in the proceedings. [PDF available]


  • The Securities and Exchange Commission. (2009, February 19). Ponzi scheme targeting Deaf investors. https://www.sec.gov/news/press/2009/2009-30.htm
    • This posting releases information about a Ponzii Scheme were investment seminars were held at Deaf community centers, making Deaf individuals victims of affinity fraud. [PDF available]


Postville, IA Raid

      • Duke. (2008, July 11). The true story of Postville
        • This news article publishes the essay written by Dr Camayd-Freixas, a federally certified interpreter, who provided language services after the Postville, Iowa meat packing raid. [PDF available]
      • Hsu, S.S. (2008, July 25) Expedited trials of illegal immigrants are questioned. Washington Post.
        • This news article describes the use of fast-tracked group trials as a violation of the defendants' rights in a case against illegal agriprocessor migrants. [PDF available]
      • Preston, J. (2008, July 27). After meat plant raid, workers assist labor probe: Illegal immigrant employees at Iowa kosher facility talk of inhumane working conditions. The New York Times Company
        • This news article explains that an agriprocessor meat plant has committed pervasive labor violations of immigrants. [PDF available]

Law Enforcement

  • Dickerson, B. (2008, March 16). How to wreck a boy's life: Experts say an Oakland County detective ran roughshod over a 13-year-old in a sexual abuse case against his parents. Free Press.
    • This news articles describes the interrogation of a 13 year old in an alleged sexual abuse case the police were bringing against his parents. [PDF available]
  • Scharper, J. (2009, March 9). For deaf man, a bad experience with the police: Stories differ on what happened in Anne Arundel case. Baltimore Sun.
    • This news article explains how a Deaf man had a bad experience and received injuries in an encounter with police. [PDF available]
  • U.S. Department of Justice. (2006, January). Model policy for law enforcement on communicating with people who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing. https://www.ada.gov/lawenfmodpolicy.htm 
    • This guide outlines the ways law enforcement should communicate with people who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing. [PDF available]
  • U.S. Department of Justice. (2020, February 25). Commonly asked questions about the Americans with Disabilities Act and law enforcement.https://www.ada.gov/q&a_law.htm
    • This document offers common sense suggestions to help law enforcement agencies comply with the ADA.
  • U.S. Department of Justice. (2020, February 25). Communicating with people who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing: ADA guide for law enforcement officers. https://www.ada.gov/lawenfcomm.htm
    • This guide educates law enforcement officers on communicating with individuals who are Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing. [PDF available]

Laws - Interpreting


  • Calvan, B. (2009, January 3). It's the law: California patients can have an interpreter at their side. The Sacramento Bee.
    • This news article highlights the state-wide law in California that removes language barriers between millions of Californians with limited English proficiency and their commercial health and dental plans. [PDF available]
  • Legal Language. (2012, April 9). Lack of qualified sign language interpreter results in settlement.
    • This posting outlines the settlement resulting from a dialysis center's lack of providing sign language interpreters to a Deaf patient. [PDF available]
  • U.S. Department of Justice. (2008, December 8). Justice Department reaches agreement with medical care provider on accommodations for deaf, hard of hearing. https://www.justice.gov/archive/opa/pr/2008/December/08-crt-1071.html 
    • This press release states the Department of Justice reached a settlement with a medical provider to provide sign language interpreters and other auxiliary aids and services to patients, their family members, and their companions who are Deaf or hard of hearing. [PDF available

Miranda Warning

  • Alameda County District Attorney Office. (2013). Miranda waivers. Point of View, 41(1), 1-14.
    • This articles discusses Miranda rights as five different kinds of waivers: knowing, intelligent, voluntary, express and implied, as well as timely.

Remote Technology


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