Glossary

Talk like we do!

A

  • Accessibility - Accessibility refers to how easy it is for an individual with a disability to navigate a page. This is sometimes confused with Usability.
  • ALT Tag - ALT stands for Alternate, and is in reference to alternate text on an image. Check out our ALT tag section for more information.
  • AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript And XML) - AJAX is a new technique that allows a page to connect to the server (and perhaps a database) without reloading the screen. This method is not accessible and should not be used to convey textual data.
  • AS3 -Actionscript 3 is the primary programming language behind Flash.
  • ASP (Active Server Pages) - This is a server side language that is used in projects that include form emails, database lookups and calendars.

C

  • Cache - When you visit a website the files associated with the website are stored on your computer. These files are known as the Cached version of a page. If you make a change to your site, publish it, refresh the page and do not see the change, your browser may be accessing the cached version. On most browsers you can hit [Shift]+[R] to reload the page off the server and not the cached version.
  • CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) - CSS is a markup language that is used to change the format or look of a page. Each site we develop contains a CSS file the tells the browsers what colors to use and what the layout should look like. Check out our CSS section for more information.
  • CSS Layout - This is a method of using CSS for positioning elements in a web page. When the web was first being developed people used tables to layout their content.

D

  • Download - Transferring files from the web to your local machine. This is opposite from Uploading.
  • Drop Down Menus - Drop Down Menus are sometimes referred to as "Fly-Out Menu's" and are a dynamic way of displaying content. Sites with a large navigation may use these to add more levels of navigation. These are not recommended because they are not accessible and if you use them you must provide an alternate text-only version.

F

  • Flash - Flash is used to create dynamic content on webpages. Flash is not easily accessible to users with disabilities so at the University it is only used for images. Example: Header of the University Center Site
  • Fly Out Menus - See Drop Down Menus
  • Footer - The footer contains the Contact Person and the Date published for a single web page. If it is the homepage is must also have the AAEO statement. This information is built into the template.
  • FTP - FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol and is used to upload and download files to and from the web.

H

  • Headings - Headings are used to define content. In HTML you do this by using the Heading tags: <h1>,<h2>, ... <h6>. These help break up your content and help blind students navigate you page.
  • HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) - The basic code that is used to create most web site.

I

  • Inline Styles - Attaching attributes to individual tags such as: <p><font-size="+1">text</font></p>. This is an older way of changing tags attributes and is no longer used. Now we use CSS to change the style of a tag.
  • Ip Address - Every computer that is attached to the internet has a unique identifier associated with it; this identifier is called an Ip Address. On of the uses of an Ip Address is to track users across the web site to see what pages they visit.

J

  • Javascript - A client side scripting language used for more advanced functions. We try not to use Javascript because it requires the user to have it enabled on their machine.

L

  • Leftnav - The leftnav is a navigation bar that is located on the left side of the page. This site (not this page) has a leftnav, look at Resources.
  • Local Site - Sometimes referred to as the Local Copy. These files are stored on a web developers computer. A web developer will make changes to these and then publish them to the server. This is opposite of the Remote Site.

M

  • Meta Tags - Meta tags are tags found in the head section of an HTML file. Meta tags are used by search engines to figure out what is on a page and rank your page. Adding correct meta tags improves your search ability. Check our our Meta Tag section for more information.

P

  • PDF (Portable Document Format) - PDF is an acrobat file that is readable across all platforms and browsers with the appropriate plug-in.
  • PHP (PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor) - A scripting language similar to ASP but runs on the Lynix/Unix platform whereas ASP runs on the Microsoft side. On a side note PHP used to stand for "Personal Home Pages".
  • Progressive Download - Progressive Download is a way of delivering video content to a user by starting the video once it has downloaded part way. The video will play and download at the same time until the entire video is downloaded onto the users machine. Another method of delivering video content is with a Streaming Server.
  • Publish - Moving files from your local copy to the remote site.

R

  • Remote site - This is the site the is live on the server. Anyone can access this using a web browser. This is opposite of the Local site.
  • Rightnav - The rightnav is a navigation bar that is located on the right side of the page. The College of Natural and Health Sciences has a rightnav.

S

  • Server - "A computer that processes requests for HTML and other documents that are components of web pages." - Dictionary.com . Our Web Server is http://www.UNCO.edu
  • Streaming Server - A Streaming Server is a way to deliver video content to a user without letting the user download the file. This method is good when you want to protect copyrighted material. The other method for delivering video is with a Progressive Download.
  • Style Sheets - Style sheets use CSS to control the visual elements of a web site. By using Style Sheets, the look of an entire web site can be changed by modifying the CSS file.

T

  • Templates - Templates are files used in Dreamweaver and FrontPage A web author creates a template with fixed regions and then can create pages off of that template. Content that is not is a fixed region can be changed in the template, and then the pages attached to the template will update. For more information see our Templates section.
  • Topnav - The topnav is a navigation bar that is located on the top of a site, usually under the header. The Office of Multicultural Affairs uses a topnav.

U

  • Upload - Transferring files from your local machine to the web. This is opposite from downloading.
  • UNC Header - The UNC header spans across the top of the page. It is used as a universal navigation for the entire web site. All new sites are required to have this attached to them.
  • URL - URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator and is used as a location for a web site.
  • Usability -Usability refers to how easy a page is to navigate.

W

  • W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) - An organization that creates standards for developing anything on the web.
  • Web Server - See Server
  • Webtest - This is Web Support's testing folder on the server. When we complete projects they are sent here so clients can test their site.

X

  • XHTML (Extensible HyperText Markup Language) - XHTML is similar, but more strict than HTML. For more information please check out the W3C HTML site.
  • XML (Extensible Markup Language) - XML is a type of file that holds data and is accessible across different platforms. Data is read from the XML file using a server side scripting language such as ASP.