Definition of Terms
Due to the increasing incidence of overweight and obesity in children, effective strategies for treatment of the condition to prevent adult morbidities are needed. However, research that insures adequate treatment for the problem is not available, and costs of current interventions are high. Therefore, with the present situation, more emphasis must be placed on the development, evaluation, and implementation of primary prevention of pediatric obesity (Koletzko, 2006).
Definition of terms:
According to the Center for Disease Control, the following are the current defintions for pediatric overweight and obesity:
The current recommendations for screening children age 2 and older are to use Body Mass Index data. Body Mass Index (BMI) is a child's weight in Kg divided by their height in Meters squared.
Use of the 95th percentile for the definition of obesity identifies children with a signficiant likelihood of continuing to be obese as an adult (CDC.gov, 2011).
If you would like more information on growth charts, the CDC website below provides some excellent infromation and educational materials for further review (http://www.cdc.gov/growthcharts/cdc_charts.htm):(if you would like to access now, click on the picture below)
According to the Expert Committee Recommendations set forth in 2007, primary care providers should perform, at a minimum, a yearly assessment of weight status should be appropriately plotted on standard growth charts. These measurements include height, weight, and BMI for age for all children (Barlow, 2007).
Use of skinfold thickness and waist circumference on not recommended measurements for pediatric patients at this time (Barlow, 2007).