Journal articles

  1. Castoe, T.A., AP J. de Koning, K.T. Hall, K.D. Yokoyama, W. Gu, E.N. Smith, C. Feschotte, P. Uetz, D.A. Ray, J. Dobry, R. Bogden, S.P Mackessy, A.M. Bronikowski, W.C. Warren, S.M. Secor and D. D. Pollock. 2011. Sequencing the genome of the Burmese python (Python molurus bivittatus) as a model for studying extreme adaptations in snakes. Genome Biology 12:406. PDF reprint
  2. Peichoto, M.E., F.L. Tavares, G. DeKrey, S.P. Mackessy. 2011. A comparative study of the effects of venoms from five rear-fanged snake species on the growth of Leishmania major: identification of a protein with inhibitory activity against the parasite. Toxicon 58:28–34. PDF reprint
  3. Wastell, Andrew R. and S.P. Mackessy. 2011. Spatial ecology of the Desert Massasauga Rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus edwardsii) in southeastern Colorado: habitat and resource utilization. Copeia 2011(1):29–37. PDF reprint
  4. Peichoto, M.E., A. Paes Leme, B. Pauletti, I. Correia Batista, S.P. Mackessy, O. Acosta and M.Santoro. 2010. Autolysis at the disintegrin domain of patagonfibrase, a metalloproteinase from Philodryas patagoniensis (Patagonia Green Racer; Dipsadidae) venom. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Proteins and Proteomics 1804:1937–1942. PDF reprint
  5. Mackessy, S.P. 2010. The evolution of venom composition in the Western Rattlesnakes (Crotalus viridis sensu lato): toxicity versus tenderizers. Toxicon 55:1463-1474. PDF reprint
  6. Hayes, W.K. and S.P. Mackessy. 2010. Clinical tales from snakebite cases: are rattlesnakes evolving more toxic venom? Wilderness and Environmental Medicine 21:35-45. PDF reprint
  7. Weldon, C.L. and S.P. Mackessy. 2010. Biological and proteomic analysis of venom from the Puerto Rican Racer (Alsophis portoricensis: Dipsadidae). Toxicon 55:558-569. PDF reprint
  8. Mackessy, S.P. 2010. Crotalus viridis viridis (Prairie Rattlesnake). Noxious weeds as a hazard to snakes. Herpetological Review 41(3):363.
  9. Doley, R., S.P. Mackessy and R.M. Kini. 2009. Role of accelerated segment switch in exons to alter targeting (ASSET) in the molecular evolution of snake venom proteins. BMC Evolutionary Biology 9:146. PDF reprint.
  10. Peichoto, M.E., S.P. Mackessy, P. Teibler, F.L. Tavares, P.L. Burckhardt, M.C. Breno, O. Acosta and M. L. Santoro. 2009. Purification and characterization of a cysteine-rich secretory protein from Philodryas patagoniensis (Dipsadidae) snake venom. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology C Toxicol. Pharmacol. 150:79-84. PDF reprint.
  11. Pawlak, J., S.P. Mackessy, N.M. Sixberry, E.A. Stura, M.H. Le Du, R. Menez, C.S. Foo, A. Menez, S. Nirthanan and R.M. Kini. 2009. Irditoxin, a novel covalently linked heterodimeric three-finger toxin with high taxon-specific neurotoxicity. FASEB Journal 23:534-545. PDF reprint.
  12. Gibbs, L., SP Mackessy. 2009. Functional basis of a molecular adaptation: Prey-specic toxic effects of venom from Sistrurus rattlesnakes. Toxicon, 53: 672-679. PDF reprint.
  13. Pahari, S., S.P. Mackessy and R.M. Kini. 2007. The venom gland transcriptome of the Desert Massasauga Rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus edwardsii): towards an understanding of venom composition among advanced snakes (Superfamily Colubroidea). BMC Molecular Biology 8:115-. PDF reprint
  14. Campbell, S.R., S.P. Mackessy and J.A. Clarke. 2008. Microhabitat use by Brown Treesnakes (Boiga irregularis): effects of moonlight and prey. Journal of Herpetology 42(2):246-250. PDF reprint
  15. Doley, R., S. Pahari, S.P. Mackessy and R.M. Kini. 2008. Accelerated exchange of exon segments in viperid three-finger toxin genes (Sistrurus catenatus edwardsii; Desert Massasauga). BMC Evolutionary Biology 8:196. PDF reprint
  16. Peichoto, M.E., P. Teibler, S. P. Mackessy, L. Leiva, O. Acosta, L. R. C. Gonçalves, A. M. Tanaka-Azevedo and M. L. Santoro. 2007. Purification and biological activities of patagonfibrase, an alpha-fibrinogenase from Philodryas patagoniensis snake venom. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1770:810-819. PDF reprint
  17. Pawlak, J., S. P. Mackessy, B. G. Fry, M. Bhatia, G. Mourier, C. Fruchart-Gaillard, D. Servent, R. Ménez, E. Stura, A. Ménez and R. M. Kini. 2006. Denmotoxin: a three-finger toxin from colubrid snake Boiga dendrophila (Mangrove Catsnake) with bird-specific activity. Journal of Biological Chemistry 281 (39):29030-29041. PDF reprint
  18. Sanz, L., H.L.Gibbs, S.P. Mackessy and J.J. Calvete. 2006. Venom proteomes of closely related Sistrurus rattlesnakes with divergent diets. Journal of Proteome Research 5:2098-2112. PDF reprint
  19. Seibert, C.S., Tanaka-Azevedo, A. M., Santoro, M. L.,  Mackessy, S. P., Torquato, R. J. S., Lebrun, I. and Tanaka, A. S.  (2006) Purification of a phospholipase A2 from Lonomia obliqua caterpillar bristle extract.  Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 342:1027-1033.  PDF reprint
  20. Mackessy, S.P., Sixberry, N.M., Heyborne, W.H. and Fritts, T.  (2006) Venom of the Brown Treesnake, Boiga irregularis: ontogenetic shifts and taxa-specific toxicity.  Toxicon 47:537-548.  PDF reprint
  21. Mackessy, S.P. and Baxter, L.M. (2006) Bioweapons synthesis and storage: the venom gland of front-fanged snakes.  Zoologischer Anzeiger 25: 147-159. PDF reprint
  22. Mackessy, S.P.  (2005) Desert Massasauga Rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus edwardsii): a technical conservation assessment. USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Region.  57 p.  PDF reprint
  23. Munekiyo, S. M. and Mackessy, S.P. (2005) Presence of peptide inhibitors in rattlesnake venoms and their effects on endogenous metalloproteases. Toxicon 45: 255-263. PDF reprint
  24. Scott, Eugenie C., ... Mackessy, S.P. et al. (2004) The Morphology of Steve. Annals of Improbable Research, July/August. pp. 24-29. PDF reprint
  25. Huang, P. and Mackessy, S.P. (2004) Biochemical characterization of phospholipase A 2 (trimorphin) from the venom of the Sonoran lyre snake Trimorphodon biscutatus lambda (family Colubridae). Toxicon 44 (1): 25-34. PDF reprint | Photo of Trimorphodon extraction
  26. Hobert, J.P., Montgomery, C.E. and Mackessy, S.P. (2004) Natural history of the massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus) in Colorado. Southwestern Naturalist 49 (3): 321-326. PDF reprint
  27. Mackessy, S.P. , Williams, K. and Ashton, K. (2003) Characterization of the venom of the midget faded rattlesnake ( Crotalus oreganus concolor ): a case of venom paedomorphosis? Copeia 2003 (4): 769-782. PDF reprint | Abstract | Photo of C. o. concolor
  28. Montgomery , C.E., Mackessy, S.P. and Moore , J.C. (2003) Body size variation in the Texas horned lizard, Phrynosoma cornutum , from central Mexico to Colorado . Journal of Herpetology 37 (3): 550-553. Abstract | Photo of Phrynosoma cornutum
  29. Montgomery, C.E. and Mackessy, S.P. (2003) Natural history of the Texas horned lizard, Phrynosoma cornutum (Phrynosomatidae), in southeastern Colorado . Southwest Naturalist 48(1): 111-118. Abstract | PDF reprint
  30. Mackessy, S.P. (2002) Biochemistry and pharmacology of colubrid snake venoms. Journal of Toxicology-Toxin Reviews 21(1 & 2):43-83. Abstract | PDF reprint | Photo of colubrid snakes | Photo of venom extraction
  31. Mackessy, S.P. (2002) Toxinology of colubrid snakes: biology, venoms and envenomation. Introduction to the special volume. Journal of Toxicology-Toxin Reviews 21(1 & 2):vii-ix. PDF reprint
  32. Holycross, A. and Mackessy, S.P. (2002) Variation in the diet of Sistrurus catenatus (massasauga), with emphasis on S. c. edwardsii (desert massasauga). J. Herpetology 36(3): 454-464. Abstract | PDF reprint
  33. Montgomery , C.E. and Mackessy, S.P. (2000) Phrynosoma cornutum (Texas Horned Lizard) movement. Herpetological Review 32(4): 258.
  34. Hill, Robert E. and Mackessy, S.P. 2000. Characterization of venom (Duvernoy's secretion) from twelve species of colubrid snakes with partial sequence of four venom proteins. Toxicon 38(12):1663-1687. PDF reprint
  35. Montgomery, Chad and Mackessy, S.P. 1999. Heterodon nasicus nasicus (Plains Hognose Snake). Lack of paralysis following vertebral disjunction. Herpetological Review 30(4): 227-228.
  36. Chiszar, D., Walters, A., Urbaniak, J., Smith, H.M. and Mackessy, S.P. 1999. Discrimination between envenomated and non-envenomated prey by western diamondback rattlesnakes (Crotalus atrox): chemosensory consequences of venom. Copeia 1999(3): 640-648.
  37. Livo, L.J., Hammerson, G.A., Smith, H.M., Chiszar, D. and Mackessy, S.P. 1998. Status of chorus frogs (genus Pseudacris) in southeastern Colorado. Bulletin of the Maryland Herpetological Society 34 (1): 22-28.
  38. Munekiyo, S.M. and Mackessy, S.P. 1998. Effects of temperature and storage conditions on the electrophoretic, toxic and enzymatic stability of venom components. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 119B (1): 119-127. PDF reprint.
  39. Schuett, G. W., Fernandez, P.J., Gergits, W.F., Casna, N.J., Chiszar, D., Smith, H.M., Mitton, J.B., Mackessy, S.P. and Odum, A.R. and Demlong, M. 1998. Production of offspring in the absence of males: evidence for facultative parthenogenesis in bisexual snakes. Herpetological Natural History 5(1):1-10.
  40. Hill, R.E. and Mackessy, S.P. 1997. Venom yields from several species of colubrid snakes and differential effects of ketamine. Toxicon 35(5):671-678. PDF reprint
  41. Mackessy, S.P. 1996. Characterization of the major metalloprotease isolated from the venom of Crotalus viridis oreganus. Toxicon 34(11/12):1277-1285. PDF reprint
  42. Holzer, M. and Mackessy, S.P. 1996. An aqueous endpoint assay of snake venom phospholipase A2. Toxicon 34 (10): 1149-1155. PDF reprint
  43. Clarke, J.A. Chopko, J.T. and Mackessy, S.P. 1996. The effect of moonlight on activity patterns of adult and juvenile prairie rattlesnakes (Crotalus viridis viridis). Journal of Herpetology 30(2): 192-197.
  44. Chiszar, D., Belcher, D., Mackessy, S.P., Petkus, A. and Smith, H.M. 1994. Stimulation of ingestion in solenoglyphous snakes. Herpetological Review 25 (4): 158-159.
  45. Mackessy, S.P. 1993. Kalikrein-like and thrombin-like proteases from the venum of juvenile Northern Pacific rattlesnakes (Crotalus viridis oreganus). Journal of Natural Toxins 2(2): 223-239. PDF reprint.
  46. Utaisincharoen, P., Mackessy, S.P., Miller, R.A. and Tu, A.T. 1993. Complete primary structure and biochemical properties of gilatoxin, a serine protease with kallikrein-like and angiotensin-degrading activities. Journal of Biological Chemistry 268 (29): 21975-21983. PDF reprint
  47. Mackessy, S.P. (1991) Morphology and ultrastructure of the venom glands of the northern Pacific rattlesnake Crotalus viridis oreganus. Journal of Morphology 207: 1-20. PDF reprint
  48. Mackessy, S.P. 1988. Venom ontogeny in the Pacific rattlesnakes Crotalus viridis helleri and Crotalus viridis oreganus. Copeia 1988:92-101. PDF reprint.

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  1. Mackessy, S.P., ed. 2009. Handbook of Venoms and Toxins of Reptiles. Twenty-four chapters, 521 p. CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, FL.

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Book chapters

  1. Mackessy, S.P. 2010. Thrombin-like enzymes in snake venoms. In Kini, R.M., M.A. McLane, K. Clemetson, F.S. Markland and T. Morita, (eds.), Toxins and Hemostasis: From Bench to Bedside, , p. 519-557. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg. PDF reprint.
  2. Mackessy, S.P. 2009. The field of reptile toxinology: snakes, lizards and their venoms. In Mackessy, S.P. (ed.), Handbook of Venoms and Toxins of Reptiles, p. 3-23. CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, FL.
  3. Heyborne, W.H. and S.P. Mackessy. 2009. Cysteine-rich secretory proteins in reptile venoms. In Mackessy, S.P. (ed.), Handbook of Venoms and Toxins of Reptiles, p. 325-336. CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, FL.
  4. Mackessy, S.P. 2008. Venom composition in rattlesnakes: trends and biological significance. In W.K. Hayes, K.R. Beaman, M.D. Cardwell, and S.P. Bush (editors), The Biology of Rattlesnakes. Loma Linda University Press, Loma Linda, California. PDF reprint.
  5. Mackessy, S.P. (1998) Phosphodiesterases, DNases and RNases. In: Enzymes from Snake Venoms , Bailey, G.S. (Ed.), p. 361-404. Alaken Press, Inc., Ft. Collins , CO , USA . PDF reprint
  6. Mackessy, S.P. and Tu, A.T. (1993) Biology of the Sea Snakes and Biochemistry of Their Venoms. In: Toxin-Related Diseases: Poisons Originating from Plants, Animals and Spoilage , A.T. Tu (Ed.), Oxford and IBH Publishing Co., New Delhi, p. 305-351. PDF reprint.