Teacher Perceptions:

How Do They View Self-Determination for Students who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing?
Ann Sebald, Ed.D.

National Center on Low-Incidence Disabilities


What does self-determination look like?

  • Problem solving

  • Decision making

  • Self-advocacy

  • Independence

  • Self-evaluation

  • Autonomy

  • Self-monitoring

  • Self-reinforcement

  • Free choice

  • Perceived empowerment
  • Self-realizing
  • Self-regulation
  • Studnt involvement
  • Self-efficacy
  • Self-instruction
  • Goal setting
  • Social competence
  • Expressing preferences

Ice Breaker

Self-determination defined:

Why self-determination?

Questions Asked


Data Collection

Three-part, 33-item survey

Demographic Results

Demographic Results

Current Job Responsibilities

Demographic Results

Self-Determination Training

Place of Instruction

Self-Determination Important?

Skills Taught?

Top five skills associated with self-determination perceived taught

Students Use of Skills?

Teaching Self-Determination Beneficial?

Additional Findings

Specific SkillIdentifiedTaughtUsed
Problem Solving96%87%74%
Choice Making93%76%75%

So What?

IEP Meeting Suggestions


Thank You