Colorado Geography and Science Standards
Colorado Model Content Standards for Geography
Students know how to use and construct maps, globes, and other geographic tools to locate and derive information about people, places, and environments.
1.1 Students know how to use maps, globes, and other geographic tools to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective.
1.2 Students develop knowledge of Earth to locate people, places, and environments.
1.3 Students know how to analyze the dynamic spatial organization of people, places, and environments.
Students know the physical and human characteristics of places, and use this knowledge to define and study regions and their patterns of change.
2.1 Students know the physical and human characteristics of places.
2.2 Students know how and why people define regions.
2.3 Students know how culture and experience influence people's perceptions of places and regions.
Students understand how physical processes shape Earth's surface patterns and systems.
3.1 Students know the physical processes that shape Earth's surface patterns.
3.2 Students know the characteristics and distributions of physical systems of land, air, water, plants, and animals.
Students understand how economic, political, cultural, and social processes interact to shape patterns of human populations, interdependence, cooperation, and conflict.
4.1 Students know the characteristics, location, distribution, and migration of human populations.
4.2 Students know the nature and spatial distribution of cultural patterns.
4.3 Students know the patterns and networks of economic interdependence.
4.4 Students know the processes, patterns, and functions of human settlement.
4.5 Students know how cooperation and conflict among people influence the division and control of Earth's surface.
Students understand the effects of interactions between human and physical systems and the changes in meaning, use, distribution, and importance of resources.
5.1 Students know how human actions modify the physical environment.
5.2 Students know how physical systems affect human systems.
5.3 Students know the changes that occur in the meaning, use, location, distribution, and importance of resources.
Students apply knowledge of people, places, and environments to understand the past and present and to plan for the future.
6.1 Students know how to apply geography to understand the past.
6.2 Students know how to apply geography to understand the present and plan for the future.
Colorado Model Content Standards for Science
Students understand the processes of scientific investigation and design, conduct, communicate about, and evaluate such investigations.
Physical Science: Students know and understand common properties, forms, and changes in matter and energy. (Focus: Physics and Chemistry)
2.1 Students know that matter has characteristic properties, which are related to its composition and structure.
2.2 Students know that energy appears in different forms, and can move (be transferred) and change (be transformed).
2.3 Students understand that interactions can produce changes in a system, although the total quantities of matter and energy remain unchanged.
Life Science: Students know and understand the characteristics and structure of living things, the processes of life, and how living things interact with each other and their environment. (Focus: Biology--Anatomy, Physiology, Botany, Zoology, Ecology)
3.1 Students know and understand the characteristics of living things, the diversity of life, and how living things interact with each other and with their environment.
3.2 Students know and understand interrelationships of matter and energy in living systems.
3.3 Students know and understand how the human body functions, factors that influence its structures and functions, and how these structures and functions compare with those of other organisms.
3.4 Students know and understand how organisms change over time in terms of biological evolution and genetics.
Earth and Space Science: Students know and understand the processes and interactions of Earth's systems and the structure and dynamics of Earth and other objects in space. (Focus: Geology, Meteorology, Astronomy, Oceanography)
4.1 Students know and understand the composition of Earth, its history, and the natural processes that shape it.
4.2 Students know and understand the general characteristics of the atmosphere and fundamental processes of weather.
4.3 Students know major sources of water, its uses, importance, and cyclic patterns of movement through the environment.
4.4 Students know the structure of the solar system, composition and interactions of objects in the universe, and how space is explored.
Students know and understand interrelationships among science, technology, and human activity and
how they can affect the world.
Students understand that science involves a particular way of knowing and understand common
connections among scientific disciplines.