Master Plan Home

Space Planning

There must be a proper balance between efficient space use and over-utilization of space. In order to better manage the limited space on UNC's campus, and better plan new space, a new space planning model was developed to (1) identify master planning needs for space and (2) more importantly, provide campus planners and administrators a tool to study its space use and budget effectively. The campus will be able to test a variety of planning scenarios and project facility impacts due to programmatic changes being considered.

The model is being driven by two major components; people, and the amount of space people need for various functions. People include students, faculty, staff, and visitors, both existing and projected. Projections are based upon the academic planning assumptions, goals and objectives established in the master plan. The other major component is the guidelines used in projecting space needs. Guidelines used in the model came from a combination of sources included, but not limited to, the Colorado Commission on Higher Education, national standards, consultant recommendations, and current University practices

Space Projections Model

The space model prepares a space projection and compares it against existing space to show how more, or less, space is needed to support a given enrollment level. Space is expressed as assignable square footage (ASF) by master plan space category.

The following information summarizes the space needs and the variables used in the model to project them. The variables are programmable values that can be altered at any time to forecast the impact a program change will have on space.

It is important to view the results of this model from a macro perspective. Because planning is done on a University level and space inventories are currently kept on a department level, judgments can only be made on the new differences by space category. The following notes help clarify some of the results of the model:

  • Some of the projected space needs are based on the total student population and not by program or department. Others, when possible, are calculated by department.
  • Service space is calculated a number of different ways, depending on space type. A number of the space categories allow for service space and a factor is included in the calculations. In many cases however, existing room inventory records do not categorize service space; therefore service space may or may not be included in each section, but is accounted for in the total projection.
  • Administrative and auxiliary function's office and related support space was calculated based upon the size of the institution, thus student enrollments and faculty/staff projections.
  • Although the University's Enrollment Plan is to cap enrollments at 15,000 FTE on campus and 20,000 FTE total, the space planning model forecasts space needs associated with a 5% and 10% enrollment increases. This allows the University to have a more appropriate picture of space needs near term.
  • Finally, the ultimate use of the space model is to determine the overall picture of the space needs as the campus grows. It's the net difference for each space category that is important. Individual department figures provide points of further study, but are not necessarily reflective of specific space deficits or surpluses.
  • Space for scholarly activity is captured by planning laboratory, storage, and support space variables driving these needs.

 

SPACE GUIDELINES
1-Mar-02

SPACE TYPE Variable   Source   VARIABLE    
SERVICE
65
  Bilotta   Percentage of Assignable to Gross Square Feet, includes non-assignable spaces and swing space, restrooms, custodial, mechanical, circulation, etc. Specific service spaces related to space types are included in guidelines.  
000's
       
 
       
 
CLASSROOMS
40
  CCHE   Hours Available    
100's
75.0%
  CCHE   Percent Utilization    
 
67.0%
  CCHE   Percent Occupancy    
 
15.0%
  UNC/Bilotta   Percent Small (0 -20 stns) 30 ASF per Station  
 
55.0%
  UNC/Bilotta   Percent Medium (21-50 stns) 25 ASF per Station  
 
20.0%
  UNC/Bilotta   Percent Large (51-100 stns) 20 ASF per Station  
 
10.0%
  UNC/Bilotta   Percent Large (101+ stns) 15 ASF per Station  
 
23.75
  UNC/Bilotta   ASF per station from above percentages  
 
67%
  UNC/Bilotta   Percent Class vs. Labs of Credit Hours for Undergraduates  
 
50%
  UNC/Bilotta   Percent Class vs. Labs of Credit Hours for Graduates  
 
15
  UNC/Bilotta   Average Credits for Undergraduates (13.95 in 1998)  
 
11
  UNC/Bilotta   Average Credits for Graduates (10.82 in 1998)  
 
10.05
  UNC/Bilotta   Average Contact hours for Undergraduates  
 
5.5
  UNC/Bilotta   Average Contact Hours for Graduates  
 
100%
  Bilotta   Percent of Class Contact Hours vs. Class Credit hours  
 
10%
  Bilotta   Percent Classroom Service Assignable  
 
LABORATORIES
40
  CCHE   Hours Available  
200's
50%
  CCHE   Percent Utilization  
 
80%
  CCHE   Percent Occupancy  
 
Varies
      ASF per station  
 
33%
  UNC/Bilotta   Percent Labs vs. Class of Credit Hours for Undergraduates  
 
50%
  UNC/Bilotta   Percent Labs vs. Class of Credit Hours for Graduates  
 
11.9
  UNC/Bilotta   Average Contact Hours for Undergraduates  
 
15
  UNC/Bilotta   Average Contact Hours for Graduates  
 
200%
  Bilotta   Percent of Lab Contact Hours vs. Lab Credit hours  
 
2
  Bilotta   Open Computer Laboratory hours per week for Undergraduates  
 
4
  Bilotta   Open Computer Laboratory hours per week for Graduates  
 
5
  Bilotta   Percent of Laboratory Service that is Assignable  
 
20%
  Bilotta   Percent of Faculty FTE load performing research  
 
100%
  Bilotta   Percent of GRA FTE load performing research  
 
8
  Bilotta   Hours per week research per Faculty  
 
4
  Bilotta   Hours per week research per GRA  
 
OFFICE
75%
  Bilotta   Percent Faculty Private Offices  
300's
10%
  Bilotta   Percent Faculty Open Offices  
 
15%
  Bilotta   Percent Faculty Special Circumstances  
 
65%
  Bilotta   Percent Staff Private Offices  
 
25%
  Bilotta   Perecnt Staff Open Offices  
 
10%
  Bilotta   Percent Staff Special Circumstances  
 
225
  Bilotta   ASF per Special Circumstance Office  
 
135
  Bilotta   ASF per Private Office  
 
90
  CCHE   ASF per Open Office  
 
33%
  CCHE   Percent Faculty and Staff Conference Stations  
 
30
  Bilotta   ASF per Conference Station  
 
15%
  Bilotta   Percent Office Space for Storage  
 
20
  Bilotta   ASF per Faculty and Staff for Work File, Breakout, Reception Area  
 
100%
  UNC   % Graduate Research/Teaching Assistants needing offices  
 
75
  UNC   ASF per GTA and/or GRA FTE  
 
144
      Office Space formula for faculty  
 
132.75
      Office Space formula for staff  
 
75
      Office Space for GTA/GRA  
 
STUDY
85000
  CCHE   Stack Volumes for Base Collection
400's
15
  CCHE     Volumes per Student
 
100
  CCHE     Volumes per Faculty
 
350
  CCHE     Volumes per Program
 
6000
  CCHE     Volumes per Master Program
 
25000
  CCHE     Volumes Per Doctorate Program
 
0.09
  Bilotta     ASF per Volume, CCHE is .10 for first 300k V and .08 for additional
 
30
  CCHE   Study ASF per Station, electronic, no need for regular in future
 
15
  Bilotta   Study Percentage of Students for Number of Stations, CCHE is 25 (way too high)
 
5
  Bilotta   Study Percentage of Faculty for Number of Stations
 
20
  Bilotta   Processing Percent of Study and Stack Space, CCHE is 25% first 40k ASF, 19% additonal
 
9
  CCHE   Special Svc Percent Service Space of Total Category
 
ATHLETIC/CLINICAL
      PE 20,000ASF base over 1000FTE plus 5 ASF per FTE beyond 1000 FTE
500's
      Audio/Visual 9800 ASF base for 4000 students, 9800 ASF base plus 1 ASF per student over 4000 for undergraduate program and 2 ASF for Grads
 
       
 
25000
asf     Athletics 25000 ASF base for current programs (2.5 ASF per student for future)
 
5
      Demonstration 5 Asf per student in the Visual and Performing Arts (exstg incl. lab school
 
3
      Clinic Space 3 ASF per student in Psychology (Clinic Space)
 
10
      Greenhouse 10 ASF per student in Biochemistry, Biological Sciences, and Chemistry
 
1500
asf     Animal Quarters Use 1500 ASF since no actual programs exist
 
5
      Recreation 5 Asf per student
 
GENERAL USE
11.75
  UNC/Bilotta   This is student unions, lounges, exhibit and display areas, etc. Currently it is based on 2.5 ASF per student without the Union. Adding the Unions will add 9.25 ASF per Bariether and Schillinger
600's
     
 
      (APPA is 9.0) Includes, food, lounges, meeting rooms, recreations/games, and merchandise spaces.
 
7
  UNC/Bilotta   Assembly Space based upon current UNC, ASF is per student Ungraduate and Graduate FTE
 
SHOP/STORAGE
5.60%
  UNC/Bilotta   This includes shop space, hazardous waste storage, vehicular storage, childcare, print/copy services
700's
of total ASF
      Physical Plant 4% of education and general space (Penn State)
 
        Shop Space 1.00%
 
        Central Service 2.00%
 
        Vehicle Storage 0.25%
 
        Central Storage 1.50%
 
        Telecom 0.85%
 
HEALTH
0.75
  UNC/Bilotta   ASF per Student for Health Center/First Aid, etc.  
800's
           
 
HOUSING
30%
      Percent of Students Housed on Campus currently at approximately 2800 beds
900's
50%
      Percent of Students Type A Housing currently at 63%
 
50%
      Percent of Students Type B housing currently at 37%
 
150
  Bilotta   ASF per Student Type A (Dormitory Housing)  
 
325
  Bilotta   ASF per Student Type B (Apartment Style Living)  
 
20%
      Percentage of Faculty, GTA, and GRA housed on Campus, (currently at 50 beds or 17%)
 
350
  Bilotta   ASF per Faculty Type Housing  
 
1000
  Bilotta   ASF for additional Housing per HOUSE  
 
ENROLLMENT SCENARIOS
16%
  12517.56   Percent enrollment Increase Across All Departments  
 
39%
  14999.49   Percent enrollment Increase Across All Departments