Prescription Drugs

What prescription drugs are used and abused? 

There are several categories of prescription drugs that are used and abused:

Opioids: Used to treat painperscription drugs

  • Morphine
  • Codeine
  • Other narcotics

CNS Depressants: Used to treat anxiety and sleep disorders

  • Mebaral
  • Nembutal
  • Valium
  • Xanax

Stimulants: Used to treat sleep disorder narcolepsy, ADHD, and obesity

  • Dexedrine
  • Ritalin
  • Meridia

According to the 1999 Drug Abuse Warning Network, college students non medical use of pain relievers such as oxycodone is on a rise.

How are prescription drugs used?

Most prescription drugs are taken orally in pill form.

What are the short term effects of prescription drug use?

  • Opioids: Blocked pain messages, drowsiness, constipation, depressed respirations
  • CNS Depressants: A sleepy and uncoordinated feeling
  • Stimulants: Elevated blood pressure, heart rate and respiration, suppressed appetite, and sleep deprivation.

What are the long term effects of prescription drug use?

  • Opioids: tolerance, dependence, addiction and withdrawal
  • CNS Depressants: tolerance, dependence, addiction and withdrawal
  • Stimulants: addiction