By Tracy Gershwin Mueller
A behavior intervention plan (BIP) is a proactive intervention plan based on functional behavior assessment results, that is designed to make behavior: (1) Irrelevant (i.e., no longer meaningful to the student); (2) Inefficient (i.e., teach a socially appropriate replacement behavior that can achieve the same function); and (3) Ineffective (i.e., minimize the likelihood of any reinforcement when the problem behaviors occur).
The BIP should include the following components:
Behavior Intervention Plans (BIPs) are proactive by nature, meaning that the interventions should not be a reaction to the behavior problem. The interventions should attempt to avoid the behavior problems by using data from the FBA and providing interventions that meet the students' needs in more appropriate ways. In some cases, however, the plan may also include emergency procedures (i.e., crisis plan) to ensure safety and de-escalation of severe episodes (when the target behavior is dangerous to the student or others), or major ecological changes, such as changes in school placements (in cases where more substantive environmental changes are needed).
O’Neill, Horner, Albin, Sprague, Storey, & Newton. (1997). Functional assessment and program development for problem behavior: A Practical handbook (2nd ed). Pacific Grove, CA: Brookes/Cole Publishing Company.
Maag, J.W., and Katsiyannis, A. (2006). Behavioral intervention plans: legal and practical considerations for students with emotional and behavioral disorders. Behavioral Disorders, 31(4), 348-362.